Uninvolved parenting, or neglectful parenting, occurs when parents demonstrate low levels of nurturing, warmth and love toward their child, and little involvement in their life. If you're concerned that you might be a neglectful parent, it can be useful to know the characteristics of the uninvolved parenting style, and how being uninvolved impacts your child. You can also learn how to become more present and engaged in your kid's development and activities to help promote their well-being.
Characteristics of Uninvolved Parenting
Neglectful parents tend to be "hands off" in various parts of their child's life and development. This leads to a heavy imbalance between tending to themselves versus their child. Parents who are uninvolved most of the time tend to:
- Ignore their child
- Prioritize their needs over those of their child
- Be consumed with their work
- Be consumed with their own interests
Reasons Why Parents Might Be Uninvolved
It's easy to wonder why parents can be so neglectful and removed when it comes to their child. At the same time, there is often more than meets the eye when it comes to things parents might be struggling with that can lead to this type of parenting. Some reasons parents may be uninvolved are:
- They are struggling with their own mental health issues.
- Their own emotional needs are not being met.
- They are overwhelmed with various responsibilities.
- They had a similar relationship with their parents.
Examples of What Uninvolved Parenting Looks Like
There are a number of different ways in which parents might act neglectful of their children. Some examples include:
Spending Little Quality Time With Their Child
Parents who use an uninvolved style of parenting might do something such as keep their child occupied with another activity most of the time, so they can spend time on work or their own hobbies. For example, they might have their child spend most Saturday afternoons watching TV, while they choose to spend time with friends or work in the home office.
Ignoring Child's Bids for Interaction
An example of a bid for interaction is when a five-year-old excitedly tries to show their parent something they made with LEGO, and the parent either quickly looks at the toy and says "uh huh, that's nice" or completely ignores the child.
Having Little to No Involvement in Child's Schooling
When a parent has no involvement in their child's experiences at school, they are unaware of what the child is learning and how they are performing. If a child asks a parent to sign a permission slip or a notice of failing a test, the parent may blindly sign it without asking the child about it.
Leaving Their Child to Fend for Themselves
Another example of neglectful parenting is when parents don't provide meals for their child. If they are busy working and the child asks them what is for dinner, the parent might tell them to heat up a microwave dinner and leave them to eat on their own.
Lacking Disciplinary Structure
Parents with a neglectful style provide their child very little structure, because they are not putting much effort into any aspect of parenting. They have very few rules, they don't pay attention to their child's behavior (good or bad), and they do not have established consequences for bad behavior.
While all of these types of scenarios could happen every now and again (no parent is perfect), an uninvolved parent does these things the majority of the time.
Examples of Uninvolved Parenting in Movies
There are various uninvolved parenting examples from movies. You might know one or more of these examples portrayed in popular films:
In the movie Matilda, both of Matilda's parents are so neglectful that they don't even know how old she is. She is six-and-a-half years-old, but her parents haven't even enrolled her in school, nor are they aware of the fact that she's a genius.
In the 3D animated short film Distracted, the daughter tries to show her father a picture she drew, and that she got an A on a test. However, her father is constantly on his cell phone and doesn't even look away from it to acknowledge her.
Yet another example is in Home Alone when Kevin's parents pay no attention to whether or not he has eaten anything for dinner. They then leave him home alone on accident when they depart for their family trip. His mom doesn't even realize he's not with them until they are at the airport.
Effects of Uninvolved Parenting on Kids
Parents are the first people in a child's life; and a child first learns about interpersonal communication from their relationship with their parents. Therefore, if a parent is neglectful, a child feels that they are unimportant. They also lack opportunities to learn certain life skills typically taught by parents. As a result, children with neglectful parents are more likely to:
- Have low self-esteem
- Lack confidence
- Use drugs and alcohol
- Drive while intoxicated
- Drive unsafely or without a seatbelt
- Be emotionally abusive toward others
- Perform poorly in school
- Be at greater risk for not earning a high school diploma or college degree
Some uninvolved parents may truly lack any interest in their kids. However, it is possible that parents who seem neglectful during certain times are experiencing stressors such as increased job demands or other family or personal issues.
It is important to remember that you are human, and therefore not perfect. Moreover, there are things you can do to turn things around for your child and your relationship with them.
Forging Connections Instead of Being Uninvolved
Some things you can do to start connecting with your child are:
- Verbally acknowledge to your child that you have been unavailable to them and you want to change that.
- Begin to increase interactions with your child. For example, eat dinner together with the TV and cell phones off, while giving your child your undivided attention.
- Ask your child open-ended questions to become informed of what is happening with them. Open-ended questions are inquiries that cannot be answered with a "yes" or "no." For instance, "What happened today at school that really surprised you?"
- Seek help for yourself. If you are struggling mentally or emotionally in any way, seek therapy to deal with those issues. Improving yourself will allow you to be a better parent.
- Seek counseling or parenting classes if you need help with parenting. Parenting is not easy, and asking for help is very common.
Take Active Steps Toward Change
You are the most important and influential person in your child's life. It is never too late to acknowledge your mistakes and work on being a nurturing parent. Taking active steps such as the ones listed above will help yield positive change.